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PURPOSE OF THE SITE
The main purpose is to present the recent research results found by Pr H. Sayoud, who welcomes all comments from the readers. His best communication means is the email:
Welcome - Bienvenue - Willcommen
Welcome to the official homepage of Prof Halim Sayoud. You will find a short curiculum vitae in the menu "About Pr Sayoud", some articles of international conferences and journals in the menu "Publications", the most interesting results he got in the menu "Interesting Results" and of course a description of his research fields in the menu "Field of interest". Click to see the Welcome Video: WELCOME Speech in VIDEO
Short ReflectionTrying to understand what is happening beyond our knowledge limits...
Many questions could interest the curiosity of the researcher
inside his personal field/box of interest, leading him to try making
an effort to understand what is happening inside that field/box of
When he manages to understand some of the related theories, he may experience a great feeling of success. That is good… However, when he raises his eyes above the limits of his box of interest, he may experience a strange feeling of sadness due to the ignorance about what could exist outside that box.
But since he decided to raise his eyes (towards the huge universe), that is far better…
Researchers Talking about the Universe
What do scientists think on the origin of the Universe?
Prof. John F. Ashton (from University of Sydney), said: [There is scientific evidence proving evolution cannot be responsible for life on Earth]. He explained that the chance to get the universe obtained by chance is extremely week: 10-150 = 0.0000000000000...1 with 150 zeros before the 1 digit. Again, Prof. Stephen Hawking (from Cambridge University), said: [I think there are clearly religious implications whenever you start to discuss the origins of the universe]. And the savant Albert Einstein said [Science without religion is lame ], showing the great importance of both when dealing with the problem of the Universe origin.
On the other hand, when one looks at the content of the holy Quran, we may find many responses to our curiosity, as Dr Maurice Bucaille explicitly mentioned: [it is inconceivable for a human being living in the seventh century A.D. to have made statements in the Qur’an on a great variety of subjects that do not belong to his period ...
For me there can be no human explanation to the Qur’an] said Dr Maurice Bucaille.
Research fields and Teaching Courses
Prof Halim Sayoud began working in the field of Microprocessors during his bachelor degree. During his Magister thesis he was interested by the pitch extraction from the speech signal. His PhD thesis, which was completed in 2003, concerned the automatic speaker recognition field. In 2008, he began to explore new research fields such as: Text-Mining, Computational Linguistics, Astronomy, and the Analysis of Religious Books. From 2016, he has been interested in the scientific analysis and exploration of ancient manuscripts. Teaching and Courses: Signal processing, Microprocessors, Speech processing and Coding, Information theory.
You can find my Scientific CV and Publications at the following
He has been a visiting scientist at the following research
International Research Institutions
News and Events
New Book released in October 2021 on the Authenticity of the Quran
This is a new book released in october 2021. Title: Investigation on the Author’s Style and the Authenticity of the Quran. Free download: Click here to download.Video on the Author Dicriminaton between the holy Quran and Hadith
Here is a new Video on the Author Dicriminaton between the holy Quran and Hadith, that was published in LLC journal, Oxford University Press. The video is presented by Pr Halim Sayoud in June 2021.Video about the New Numerical Signature discovered in the Quran
Here is a new Video on the Discovery of New Hidden Numerical Structure, based on number 7, in the Holy Quran. The video is presented by Pr Halim Sayoud in June 2021.Video presenting Questions and Answers on the authenticity of the Quran
Here is a new Video reporting the responses of Pr Sayoud on some questions related to the actual author of the Quran. The video is presented by Pr Halim Sayoud in July 2021.Video on the presentation given at the IVAPP conference in 2015, Berlin
In this Video Pr Sayoud gives a talk on the authenticity of the Quran bu using some automatic clustering techniques. The new video is reproduced by Pr Halim Sayoud in September 2021.Video on the presentation given at the IMAN conference in 2021, Virtual
In this Video Pr Sayoud gives a talk on the following topic: Stylometric Comparison between the Quran and Hadith based on Successive Function Words: Could the Quran be written by the Prophet? .Video on the presentation given at the IMAN'2022 conference
In this conference, Pr Sayoud makes a presentation on the following topic: Stylometric Authentication of an Uncredible Extra-Hadith Collection.Video on the Number of Citation of Months and Days
Strangely, by counting the occurence number of the word "Month" in the Quran we find exactly 12 occurences (but really, there are 12 months per year). Again, if we count the number of "Day" in the Quran we find exactly 365 occurences (and really, there are 365 days per year). The video is presented by Pr Halim Sayoud in April 2022.Video dicussing some general Questions on the works of Pr Sayoud
Here is a new Video reporting the responses of Pr Sayoud on some questions related to his works in general. The video is presented by Pr Halim Sayoud in January 2023.Extended Slides of the REL-LREC 2012 conference in Istanbul.
In this extended Video, Pr Sayoud gives a presentation on the following topic: "Authorship Classification of two Old Arabic Religious Books Based on a Hierarchical Clustering", with some previous published results on the topic.Does the Heart have a Control on the Mind and Emotions?
What is the exact role of our heart: is it concerned with the mind or is it only a blood pump? In the holy Quran, it is stated that the Heart plays an important role in feelings, wisdom and belief. Fortunately, recent research works in neuro-cardiology have led to very interesting discoveries reinforcing the Quran theory. Link to Hearthmath.A Logical Proof on the Existence of God (Allah), March 2021:
Here is a logical definition of God based on intelligence: "God is the most intelligent being in the world, with an extremely high intelligence that matches his greatness". Read the document for more details.Latest Publication on Quran Authorship Analysis based on Visual Analytics, IEA-AIE Conference, Montreal, June 2018:
We conducted several experiments ofAuthorship discrimination on the Quran and Hadith using Visual Analytical clustering techniques.Results display 2 separate author clusters, showing that the Quran could not be written by the Prophet. More details.Ancient Quran from the 1st Century, published in 2018
We have been surprised to find some old folios dating from the early first century of Hijra (few years after the Prophet death): one from Birmingham University and another one from Sanaa (one of the oldest Quranic manuscripts in existence), where the textual content is amazingly identical. Moreover, the skeletal morphology of those Quranic documents is similar to the present Quran. Reed the Article.Ancient Book from 1926 of Al-Haffaf, Found in 2019
This old book of Al-Haffaf, written in French in 1926, is entitled: "Introduction à l'étude de l'Islam". Itcontains precious information on the Islam origin and debates important questions in a philosophical point of view. I found this old book in2019 (See some pages).Latest Work in Quran Authorship Analysis (Leave-One-Out Technique), 2017
We have conducted several experiments of Authorship discrimination on the Quran and Hadith using the Leave-One-Out classification. Results show a significant difference between the Author's style of the Quran and the Prophet's style.For more details click here.New online Journal HDSKD Beta version, ISSN2437-069X: local mirror.
International Journal of Hidden Data Mining and Scientific Knowledge Discovery.New Book released, 2016 Edition: Discovery of New Hidden Numerical Structures in the Holy Quran, Release of the EDT research team website
The official web page of the EDT team: http://scholarpage.org
Points of Interest (Scientific discoveries on the holy Quran)
Stylistic comparison between the Quran and Hadith based on transition probability.
The latest research work in the field of authorship discrimination betweenthe Quran and Hadith (August 2020) has been submitted for publication. More news will be given inshaa Allah.Number of Months and Days in the Quran: "An Enigma".
In the Quran, it is stated that the number of months (per year) is 12, as quoted in the verse [9-36]: "إن عدة الشهور عند الله اثنا عشر شهرا في كتاب الله يوم خلق السماوات والأرض" Translation: ["The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year)- so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth"]. But strangely, by counting the occurence number of the word "Month" in the Quran we find exactly 12 occurences (cited 12 times in the Quran). Again, if we count the number of "Day" in the Quran we find exactly 365 occurences (cited 365 times in the Quran), which is equal to the real number of days per year. Really, it is a fascinating enigma.Was the holy Quran invented by the Prophet or sent down to him by God?
Published in LLC Oxford journal in 2012. Title: Author Discrimination between the Holy Quran and Prophet’s Statements, Pages 427-444, Vol. 27,No. 4, 2012. In this research work, we deal with a religious enigma, which has not been solved for fourteen hundred years. In fact, some doubts on the origins of the Holy Quran do exist and some persons thought that the Holy Quran could be an invention of the prophet Muhammad (Pbuh). Hence, knowing that authors possess specific stylistic features that make them differentiable, we tried to make some experiments of author discrimination between 2 books: the Quran and Hadith (Prophet’s statements) in order to see whether the Quran could be written by the Prophet Muhammad or not. Thus, three series of experiments are done and commented on. -The first series of experiments analyses the two books in a global form: it concerns 9 experiments. -The second series of experiments analyses the two books in a segmental form: it concerns 5 experiments. -The third series of experiments makes an automatic authorship attribution of the two books in a segmental form by employing several classifiers and several types of features. This investigation sheds light on an old enigma, which has not been solved for 14 centuries: in fact, all the results of this investigation have shown that “The 2 books (Quran and Hadith) come from 2 different Authors and that the holy Quran could not be written or dictated by the Prophet”.The Quran has been safely preserved for 14 centuries.
This comparative investigation on the Birmingham Quran (carbone-dated to the period of the Prophet's companions) and the present Quran shows a similarity of about 100%. Hence, It has been safely preserved.Discovery of one of the oldest Quran manuscripts dating from the period of the Prophet's companions, in Birmingham University, UK.
Amazingly, the ancient text is similar to what is contained in the present Quran book. See the following 4 discovered manuscripts.Strange results on the statistical analysis of the Quran: Gaussianity and Interpolability
The 1st reports on the statistical analysis of the holy Quran show ununderstandable results about the non-respect of some classic rules, which are respected by the physical and natural phenemena. It seems beyond those rules...An interesting verse leading to some reflections
An interesting verse (41:53) involves the curiosity of the researchers on the origin of the universe and ourselves. Translation: "We shall show them Our signs in the universe and within themselves, until it becomes clear to them that this is the Truth. Is it not enough that your Lord is the witness of all things?" (41:53)One verse leading to deep reflections
Deep words from Allah...[ إن في خلق السماوات والأرض واختلاف الليل والنهار لآيات لأولي الألباب ]. Translation: “In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, there are signs for people with intelligence”[Quran 3:190].Some words of the Prophet
Extremely pertinent words from the Prophet (PBUH): If you ask, then ask Allah; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah...Some words of the French Scientist Maurice Bucaille
The above observation makes the hypothesis advanced by those who see Muhammad as the author of the Qur’an quite untenable. How could a man, from being illiterate, become the most important author, in terms of literary merit, in the whole of Arabic literature? How could he then pronounce truths of a scientific nature that no other human being could possibly have developed at the time, and all this without once making the slightest error in his pronouncements in the subject? The ideas in this study are developed from a purely scientific point of view. They lead to the conclusion that it is inconceivable for a human being living in the seventh century A.D. to have made statements int he Qur’an on a great variety of subjects that do not belong to his period and for them to be in keeping with what was to be known only centuries later. For me there can be no human explanation to the Qur’an.Descartes proof for the existence of God
Ontological proof of the French philosopher Rene Descartes (March 1596 – February 1650) for the existence of God: 1-God is defined as a being who is absolutely Perfect; 2-Existence is part of the perfection; 3-If God does not exist, then he will not be perfect; 4-There will be a contradiction then; 5-Therefore, God exists.Some words of Picasso
"If I had known there was such a thing as Islamic Calligraphy, I would never have started to paint. I have strived to reach the highest levels of artistic mastery, but I found that Islamic Calligraphy was there ages before I was". [Pablo Picasso]Some words of Tolstoy
Tolstoy was impressed by the Islam and the Prophet Muhammad. That is, he said: “Anyone who wants to verify the tolerance in Islam should only read the Quran carefully. Its verses are indicative of the high spirit of Islam”.. [L.N. Tolstoy]Enigma about a defiant and challenging verse of the holy Quran
This verse represents a strong defiance and challenge to the human
beings stating that no one can produce a book similar or at least
comparable to the holy Quran
- قل لئن اجتمعت الإنس والجن على أن يأتوا بمثل هذا القرءان لا يأتون بمثله ولو كان بعضهملبعض ظهيرا - Translation: (Say: If all human beings and all invisible beings (Jinns) would come together with a view to producing a book similar to this Qur'an, they could not produce its like even though they were to exert all their strength in aiding one another.) [17:88]. By analyzing this verse, one can notice a strange mathematical harmony with the general signature found in the holy Quran: the mysterious number 19 (ref.: Kaheel reports). Hence, the number of words= “19” and the number of different alphabetical characters= “19”.
This second verse also represents a strong defiance and challenge tothe human beings stating that if the holy Quran was written by other than God (Allah), we would certainly find many contradictions and errors in it. أفلا يتدبرون القرءان ولو كان من عند غير الله لوجدوا فيه اختلافا كثيرا Translation: (Will they not then study the Quran carefully? If it had been from other than God, they would have found in it many contradictions) [4:82]. Once again, by analyzing this verse, we can notice a strange mathematical harmony with the general signature found in the holy Quran: the mysterious number 19 (ref. Sayoud statistics, March 2015). Hence, the number of different alphabetical characters= “19”, the total number of characters in the verse= 57 = “19”x3.New discoveries about the Mystery of number 7 in the holy Quran (discovered in April 2015)
Several research reports noticed that number 7 seems to be
strangely present several times inside the mathematical structure of
the holy Quran. This may be seen as a hidden signature in the holy
Quran that could be used for authentication. After a statistical
analysis of the entire book (we apologise for any unintentional
error), we found that:
-The most frequent word/token (in the Quran) is the coordination conjunction "" (pronounced Waw) meaning “And” in English. The occurrence of the coordination conjunction “Waw” represents approximately 11% of the total words/tokens of the holy Quran. We strangely noticed that its total number of occurrence (without prefix) in the Ibnu-Katheer narration, is a multiple of 7,namely: 9534 =2x3x7x227 (N.B. its computation is extremely difficult).
-The second most frequent word in the holy Quran is the preposition “” , meaning “from/ some/ part of/ than” in English. We strangely noticed that its total occurrence number when it is used alone: is 2366= 7x338 (multiple of seven). Again, if we count its occurrences when it is used with or without suffixes, we also get a multiple of 7, namely: 2870 =7x410.
-The third most frequent word in the holy Quran is the name of God «». This Divine name has 3 morphological forms in the holy Quran: a)«» spelled « Allahee » with a count of 1127=7x7x23, b) «» spelled «Allahu» with a count of 980=7x7x20, and c) «» spelled « Allaha ». Again, surprised by this mystery with many other keywords, we present their occurrences as follows: New Mystery of number 7.
After a thorough investigation on the occurrences of the word "رب", meaning Lord/ God in the holly Quran, we found that: -The total number of this word in the text= 971 -The number of this word with the meaning of God= 966=7x3x2x23, which is a multiple of 7.NASA Resources
The earth seen by satellite: Scientists unveiled today an unprecedented new look at our planet at night. A global composite image, constructed using cloud-free night images from a new NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite. [NASA courtesy]Earth Rotation in the Quran
It is well-known that the first person who discovered that the
earth rotates around its axis was Copernicus(16th century). Prior to
that, scholars thought that the earth was immobile.However, when we
read the holy Quran, we see that it clearly speaks about the earth
movement.Hence, in the Ant verse (verse number 27), Allah says:
وَتَرَى الْجِبَالَ تَحْسَبُهَاجَامِدَةً وَهِيَ تَمُرُّ مَرَّ السَّحَابِ صُنْعَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي أَتْقَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ إِنَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَفْعَلُونَ (النمل) -Translation: “You see the mountains and think that they are immobile and fixed in place while they are in movement like the clouds. This is the work of God who perfected all things, and verily He is aware of what you do.” (27:88) . This verse speaks about the mountains movement although we all imagine them to be still and fixed at first impression. It also informs us that they are moving like the clouds (see, below, the NASA video showing the movement of the mountains/earth and a Real video showing the movement of the clouds). Consequently, since the scientific community was mistaken before the 16th century, it is clear that this very ancient information represents a miracle. [NASA Mountains Movement] [Clouds Movement]
The discovery of Edwin Hubble stating that the Universe is
expanding at enormous speed was revolutionary. He noted that
galaxies were all moving away from us,each at a speed proportional
to its distance from us. Today, several NASA spacecrafts continue
Hubble's work of measuring the expansion of the Universe [reference
NASA]. So, the Universe expansion theory is proved scientifically:
it is called BigBang, but the problem is that there are unknown
forces at work we do not understand at all [video reference:
Teachers-TV]. Some fascinating evidences on the expansion of the
Universe are present in the holy Quran: see the verse [51:47]:
والسماء بنيناها بأيد وإنا لموسعون -Translation: "And it is We who have built the universe with (Our creative) power; and, verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it ". In fact,this verse clearly states that the Universe is continuously expanding, which is in total confirmation and concordance with that new discovery. That is, how could the Prophet know that scientific discovery 14 centuries ago?
Some strange objects in the universe were recently discovered, as the bubble nebula, which present a mysterious bubble in its center; it looks like a soap bubble. It is supposed to be blown by the wind from a massive star and also called: NGC-7635, it is also known simply as The Bubble Nebula. At the right top of the Bubble's center, there is a very hot O star represented by a small point in the image. This visually small point is several hundred thousand times more luminous and about 45 times more massive than the Sun (ref.NASA). Photo provided by D. Lopez [IAC courtesy ] Inst. of Astrophysics of Canary.About Earth's Temperature
What should happen if the distance between the earth and sun decreases? and what if it increases? Obviously, there will be no life for us to talk about this, in both cases, but let us explore both cases: [read the research paper].NASA Goddard
On July 19, 2012, a strange flare occurred on the sun. A huge rain of fire was falling in a circular trajectory on the sun surface. Video provided by NASA [Rain of Fire Video]. Look at the Earth Size image for comparison.-A Scientific Evidence on the Sun Movement in the Holy Quran
Even though the scientific community thought that the Sun was the
center ofthe Universe and that it was immobile until the 17th
century, it has been clearly stated in the holy Quran, 14 centuries
before, that it does really move in the Universe by respecting a
precise orbit that was well defined (by the Creator); and in perfect
concordance with thelatest discoveries. See the video (ESA
courtesy). Hence, we can retrieve the related information in the
والشمس تجري لمستقر لها ذلك تقدير العزيز العليم -This verse can be translated into: “And the Sun moves for the fixed/stable course (orbit) assigned for it. That is the decree/design of the Almighty, the All-Knowing” [36:38]. See the video (ESA courtesy).
Recently, scientists revealed that the sun and earth have reversed their magnetic polarities (i.e. North becomes south and vice-versa). Another strange fact is that all the solar planets and even the sun itself spin in the opposite direction of the clock (i.e. counter-clockwise), except Venus, which has an abnormal rotation (reversed rotation) leading to see the sun rising from the west. Some reflections argue that the same phenomenon (reverse rotation) could happen to the earth leading to see the sun rising from the west one day. This investigation examines the possibilities of such an inversion and the scientific analysis of the prediction of the Prophet on the matter.
Resources (Technological works)
HAT : New corpus for Authorship Attribution with 100 Arabic authors
Reference: HAT - A new Corpus for Experimental Stylometric Evaluation in Arabic. 12th International Conference of Experimental Linguistics, 11-13 October 2021, Athens, Greece.AAAT Database: Authorship attribution of Ancient Arabic Texts
Reference: Authorship Attribution of Ancient Texts Written by Ten Arabic Travelers Using a SMO-SVM Classifier. ICCIT 2012 conference, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 26-28,2012, pp 37-40.A4P Database: Authorship attribution of Ancient Arabic Philosophers
This database, built for a purpose of authorship attribution, contains 5 groups of old Arabic texts,belonging respectively to 5 ancient philosophers.ASDB-2 Database: Audio Signals DataBase 2
Description: This new stereophonic speech database,called 2-channels Audio Signals DataBase (ASDB-2), was recorded in February2013 in the framework of our national PNR research project.DLI-32 Dataset for Language Identification with 32 languages
Description: DLI-32 is a text corpus containing forum text discussions, which can be used in automatic language identification. They are collected from different forums, and correspond to 32 different languages.Camera Control System: PNR Research Project
A new system dedicated to command the rotation of a mobile camera towards the active speaker. This is a PNR research project conducted in 2012-2013. The control is made off-line and there are two parts: -A sound source localization part and -A camera control part. [See the VIDEO]First Image of a Black Hole
For the first time (April 2019), a team of astronomers has captured an image of a black hole, which represents a mysterious place in space where no matter, not even light, can escape. Actually, scientists do not have a lot of information on this phenomenon. [See the IMAGE]New Fascinating Images from Hubble Telescope
Some fabulous new images taken from Hubble telescope website. They show that this vast universe must have been conceived by a noble and great Creator. [See the IMAGES]
Last updated on February 06, 2023.